The school of neurotherapy was built to assist the clinician in streamlining their education in the field of neurotherapy. The didactic training, mentorship hours, and test preparation can be overwhelming, especially considering how many neurofeedback options there are. By the end of these courses, the clinician should feel confident they have core knowledge at their fingertips that will carry them into the next stage of their evolution as an effective clinician.
The School of Neurotherapy was co-founded and created by Tiff Thompson, Ph.D., QEEG-D, BCN, MFT, R.EEG.T. Tiff is a board-certified neurotherapist, licensed marriage and family therapist, and Quantitative EEG Diplomate who owns and runs a Neurotherapy clinic in Santa Barbara. She is a Registered EEG Technician, a medical credential bestowed by the American Society of Neurodiagnostic Technicians; she has worked in neurology clinics, as well as clinical settings, and has taught in kindergarten to university settings. Tiff has served as the Executive Director of the Western Association of Biofeedback and Neuroscience. She holds two master’s degrees, one in Depth Counseling Psychology and another in Rhetoric. She has a Ph.D. in Psychology; her dissertation was on the intersection of the psychodynamic psychology model of the psyche and electroencephalography (EEG). She teaches neuromodulation and neurofeedback courses nationally and internationally and has founded an online educational platform: The School of Neurotherapy, which runs coursework for the two separate certifications of Quantitative EEG Diplomacy (QEEG-D & QEEG-T) and the Biofeedback Certification International Alliance board certification in Neurotherapy (BCIA), as well as other content surrounding neuro diagnostics and clinical applications.
Dr. Dogris also is the founder of NeuroField, a hardware and software company that focuses on neuromodulation devices, such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), transcranial random current stimulation (tRNS), transcranial pink noise current stimulation (tPNS), and pulsed electromagnetic frequencies. These simulation modalities combined with neurofeedback create a state-of-the-art system and treatment modality. Dr. Dogris began teaching neuromodulation to clinicians in 2010 after developing the first NeuroField device, a pEMF unit. The NeuroField company has since taken off and a robust software called Neurofield 64, as well as a series of hardware Neurotherapy machinery are what makes up NeuroField, Inc. today.
The School of Neurotherapy is the joint venture of Dr. Dogris and Dr. Thompson, who were married in December 2017 and welcomed their first child in February 2019. Dr. Thompson developed the curricula for the BCIA and QEEG portions of the training, drawing from her time mentoring clinicians, as well as her doctoral work into deep EEG states, and her time teaching Neurotherapy to clinicians in live settings, alongside Dr. Dogris.
Dr. Dogris is the brain behind the NeuroField system (along with his engineer business partner, Brad Wiitala). The NeuroField modules of the training are drawn from the hard work Dr. Dogris and Brad Wiitala have poured into the NeuroField system since 2008.
These courses are built to streamline the knowledge-hungry clinician towards certification with the Biofeedback Certification International Alliance, as well as the Quantitative EEG Certification Board. Furthermore, the NeuroField portion of the school is built for those who are eager to blend neuromodulation into their clinical practice, for a brilliant and often immediate response from clients in need.
In the 1960s, EEG was being use for self-regulated psychophysiology (referred to as EEG biofeedback or neurofeedback). Today, neurofeedback is the field of using feedback to change the brain’s electrical patterning. Very recently, clinical neurofeedback has been combined with stimulation technologies—such as pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (pEMF), Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation (tACS), and repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS). Stimulation, as well as training the brain (via neurofeedback) changes functional connectivity, as well as the emergent properties of the brain (DeRidder, 2014). The integration of stimulation and neurofeedback is currently new in the field (as of 2015), and a minority of practitioners are using these modalities blended (DeRidder, 2014).
Quantum physicist and EEG neurodiagnostician, Juri Kropotov, dubbed these combined technologies “neurotherapy” (2009) since feedback is not involved in stimulation technology. Colloquially used in the field, the term “neurotherapy” does not yet have a formal definition and is often thought of as a synonym for neurofeedback.
Neurofeedback is called many things. It is referred to as EEG biofeedback, neuro-biofeedback, neurotherapy, and brain wave training. These terms are often used interchangeably. Neurofeedback training is effective for many conditions, such as head injuries, neuroses and anxieties, and a variety of conditions regulated by brain wave function.
Neurofeedback is a therapeutic intervention that presents the client with real-time feedback on brainwave activity, as measured by sensors on the scalp, and typically in the form of visual or audio rewards. The number of sensors determines if the clinician is doing “single channel” or “full cap” EEG. We do both. We also use a variety of neurofeedback methods and modalities.
When brain activity (amplitude or connectivity) changes in the direction desired by the customized neurofeedback protocol, a positive “reward” feedback is given to the individual. Most neurofeedback methods train brain waves to create conditioned self-regulation.
Neurofeeback works by directly training brain function; it provides a feedback signal and the brain heals itself through neuroplasticity. Neurofeedback users can control their brain waves consciously. Users become aware of their EEG activity using a visual aid, and are able to assess their own progress during the treatment.
There are various treatment protocols per region and activity. Different frequencies delta (less than 4 Hz), theta (4–8 Hz), alpha (8–13 Hz), beta (13–30 Hz), and gamma (30–100 Hz) each represent a particular function. For example, theta waves represent creativity, insight, anxiety and meditative states.
EEG electrode placement helps target specific locations as well. For example, an electrode placed on the frontal lobe region can help target attention, time management, and working memory.
A quantitative EEG is also known as a brain map. This is an electrical measurement, analysis, and quantification of the brainwaves. The brainwaves are the brain’s verbing, or the action potentials of the brain. We first gather the raw EEG data, and then we process it through a normative database, which is a database of healthy individuals’ brainwaves of the same age as the patient. This gives us a comparison of the client’s brain relative to others. This is the first step in our assessment process.
The brain mapping process entails placing a cap with 20 electrodes onto the head of the participant and injecting gel into the electrodes. Then, we use the electrodes to pick up microvolts of electrical potentials generated by the brain, which show up as brainwaves (looks like squiggles).
We then interpret the squiggles in their raw form, as well as run them through many types of digitized filters (i.e. different software), that breaks them into their respective components and brainwave bandwidths of Delta (0-4 Hz), theta (5-8 Hz), alpha (9-12 Hz), low beta (13-16 Hz), mid beta (17-25Hz), hi beta (26-40Hz), and gamma (41-70Hz).
With this data and the use of different databases of hundreds of others’ EEGs, we are able to determine where the individual is different from the norm—for better or for worse. We are able to look not only at the brainwaves, but also the relationship of the brainwaves to one another, the symmetry of the brain, the stability of the brainwave relationships, and the areas where the brain might be generating problematic signals, manifesting in problematic symptoms and behaviors.
This form of assessment provides the roadmap that all training follows.
Neuromodulation is also known as neurostimulation. Neuromodulation, at the clinical level, is comprised of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS), transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), and pulsed electro-magnetic field stimulation (PEMF). The last form of neuromodulation is rTMS (Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation), which is prescribed by physicians and largely used for depression.